Kodi ndi zinthu ziti zomwe zingakhudze mtundu wa kuponyedwa kwa opanga zitsulo?

Mtundu wa ma castings umakhudza kwambiri zida zamakina, monga kuthamanga kwa mapampu osiyanasiyana, kukula kwa mkatikati mwa ziwalo zamadzimadzi, chipolopolo chomwe chidakonzedwa, kulondola kwa mzere woumbira komanso kuwuma kwapamwamba, ndi zina zambiri. Mavuto adzakhudza mwachindunji magwiridwe antchito a mapampu ndi ma hydraulic system, komanso chitukuko cha kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu ndi cavitation. Mavutowa akadali okulirapo, monga mutu wamiyala, zotchinga, zokutira zamphamvu, komanso utsi wamafuta amkati oyaka. Ngati mphamvu komanso kuzizira komanso kutentha kwa zoponyera monga mapaipi amlengalenga sizabwino, zingakhudze moyo wa injini.

 

Kuphatikiza pazomwe tatchulazi ndi opanga zida zachitsulo, pali zinthu zambiri zomwe zingakhudze mtundu wazitsulo.

1. Pazomwe zikuchitika, njira yoyenera yogwirira ntchito iyenera kupangidwa koyamba pokonza, ndipo nthawi yomweyo, luso la ogwira ntchito liyenera kukonzedwa, kuti njirayi ichitike moyenera.

2. Potengera ukatswiri waluso, zaluso zabwino zitha kupanga zopangira zabwino. Pakukonza, fakitale yoponyera zitsulo imayenera kudziwa kukula ndi mawonekedwe a kuponyera kutengera momwe zachilengedwe zilili ndi mawonekedwe azitsulo. Ndi zina zotero, tiyeneranso kulingalira za kulingalira kwa kapangidwe kake kuchokera kuzinthu zomwe zimapangidwa kuti tipewe zopindika zosafunikira.

3.Pogwiritsa ntchito luso loponyera, fakitale yopanga zitsulo imatha kusankha mawonekedwe oyenera komanso njira yopangira maziko molingana ndi kapangidwe kake, kukula kwake, kulemera kwake ndi zofunikira zake ndikuponyera nthiti kapena chitsulo chozizira, kutsanulira dongosolo ndikuponyera dongosolo molingana ndi izi. Riser ndi zina zotero.

4. Kumbali ya zopangira, opanga akuyenera kusamala kwambiri za mtundu wa zopangira zomwe amagwiritsa ntchito kuponyera. Ubwino wazipangizo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito poponyera ziyenera kukwaniritsa muyezo, apo ayi zimayambitsa zolakwika monga porosity, pinholes, kukakamira mchenga komanso kuphatikizidwa kwa slag, zomwe zingakhudze kuponya kumene. Maonekedwe ndi mtundu wachitsulo, ngati zilidi zazikulu, zimapangitsa kuponyedwako molunjika.

 

Ubwino wazogulitsa umaphatikizapo mitundu itatu: mawonekedwe owoneka bwino, mtundu wamkati ndi mtundu wamagwiritsidwe:

1.Kuwoneka kwamtundu: makamaka kumatanthauza kukhathamira kwapamwamba, kupatuka kukula, kupatuka kwa mawonekedwe, zopindika zapambuyo pake ndi kupatuka kwakulemera, ndi zina zambiri, zomwe zitha kuwonedwa mwachindunji, zonse zimawoneka bwino;

2. Mtengo wamkati: Makamaka amatanthauza kapangidwe kake, mawonekedwe amakina ndi mawonekedwe athupi. Nthawi zambiri, mawonekedwe amkati amatha kuwonekera pokha pokha pokhapokha ngati mulibe vuto. Kuzindikira kolakwika kumatha kudziwa ngati pali ma inclusions, mabowo, ming'alu, ndi zina zotero mkati mwaziponyazo. chilema;

3. Gwiritsani ntchito mtundu: makamaka kulimba kwa kuponyedwa m'malo osiyanasiyana, monga kukana kuvala, kukana dzimbiri, kutopa kukana, machinability, ndi weldability.

What are the factors that can affect the quality of castings for steel casting manufacturers

Post nthawi: May-06-2021